INTERIOR DESIGN BOOKS PDF
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hülsta-werke • Karl-Hüls-Straße 1 • D Stadtlohn. Tel. +49 • Fax +49 weinratgeber.info The interior design book. Ideas for your. At weinratgeber.info we want to encourage everyone to give interior design a try . No matter what scale of . Click on the links below to download free PDF files. in by the Foundation for Interior Design Education Research (FIDER), the program has .. design. This is a non-lending library of books and peri- . cert. pdf. Application form submissions must include an application fee and evidence of.
To keep drying flowers dust-free, cover them with plastic bags punched with air holes. When the flowers have dried, spray them with hair spray.
This will serve several purposes: The hair spray will give the flowers a clear matte finish, keep them from shedding, keep insects away, and protect them from moisture. When drying flowers or vegetables, most have to be hung upside down in small bundles in a dark, dry place for a few weeks. Try hanging branches by strings of different lengths from coat hangers. This allows for good air Circulation.
Some flowers and foliage can be placed in a vase without water and dried upright. Among them are pussy willows, wild grasses, and grains and flowers with large composite heads and sturdy stalks-for example, Queen Anne's lace and cockscomb.
Layer seeds and nuts in attractive apothecary bottles. A branch cut from any blossoming tree or bush makes an unusual centerpiece on a dining or coffee table. Glue corn pads or pieces of felt to the rough bottoms of vases and art objects to keep them from scratching tables.
Replace a drab string cord or light-bulb chain with a piece of satin piping or silver cord. Thread a bright ceramic bead at the end of the cord for a finishing touch. Use leftover dining room wallpaper to make matching place mats. Paste the paper onto sturdy cardboard, trim the edges neatly, and coat each mat with a plastic spray.
A handy deodorizer for waste baskets: Place a sheet of fabric softener in the bottom of each.
You can make unusual centerpieces in no time by floating flowers in clear glass dessert dishes. Fill the dishes half-way with water, cut the stems from the flowers, and place them in the dishes.
Dime store bandannas make pretty, inexpensive pillow covers. download assorted colors for a striking effect. These bandannas also make wonderful table napkins-especially for a picnic or a barbecue. Hot peppers threaded on long string make a beautiful kitchen decoration while drying. Garlic and onions also look attractive braided and hung on display.
Old, carved doorknobs, attached to each end of a dowel, make an attractive curtain rod. Paint or stain the knobs to match your furniture. A basket of Italian onions makes a striking centerpiece when serving an Italian dinner. Pomegranates are also beautiful in bowls. A ceramic tile or tiles make a decorative hot pad for the table or kitchen counter. Use old pantyhose to stuff pillows and toys. There's no need to invest in wallpaper to give your walls new life. A super graphic on the wall can make a room exciting.
Or, if you have artistic ability or just ambition design and paint your own mural.
An old kimono can be draped on a wall for an elegant splash of texture and color. Any combination of fruits in a bowl can double as both centerpiece and dessert.
Solve a bicycle storage problem: A bicycle hanging on a wall becomes a piece of art as well as a means of transportation. A high-tech look for a teenager s room, perhaps? An old dining table found at a flea market can make a great sofa-height coffee table.
Just cut the legs to the height you need. Change the look of an old Formica table by laminating the surface with colorful fabric. If you're serving messy finger food-fried chicken or ribs, for instance- provide finger bowls: float lemon slices in small glass dishes so that guests can rinse their fingers. Since finger bowls are an old-fashioned elegance and seldom seen these days, be ready to enlighten anyone who assumes that you're serving a rather odd sort of cold lemon soup.
You can make cheap floor rugs by stenciling canvas with nontoxic acrylic paints. Make an extra closet into a book nook for quiet reading. Remove the door, and install a wall lamp, shelves, and a comfortable chair. Place an unwrapped bar of soap in a drawer or linen closet to give lingerie and linens a pleasant scent.
Another interior design feature is to leave interior brickwork and concrete exposed. Open shelving, drawers, cupboards and desks replaced partition walls.
Thus a good interior design was defined as 'items in which the design was simple of good proportions and without dust collecting features with stress on good construction'. Manufacturers were allowed to produce their own designs and there was public demand for ornament and periodic design features.
Certain features of modem interiors are indoor plants, built-in furniture, animal skins as floor coverings, Venetian blinds, open storage space and smooth organic forms. There is a tendency to use different textures and patterns. Free-standing lamps replaced wall and ceiling lamps.
The garden is integrated with the living space by a sliding glass door. The discovery of new building materials led to many more innovative interior design concepts. Describe the emergence of professional interior designer? What are the important features of modem interior design?
The main source of design has been nature for man and his creations. From nature many aspects has been picked up for various designs.. To communicate these thoughts, there is a need to develop a design language. Broadly we can divide them into two groups. They can be classified into:.
B Form A Line'. Line - Line is the basic design element. Too many lines of different nature in a room create an impression of visual chaos like too many beams, panelling on walls etc.
Equal heights in furniture bring in the impression of unity in the space. Vertical lines create the imPression of height and similarly horizontal lines create the impression of more length.
Vertical lines of door ways, draperies, windows, built-in cupboards give strength and height to a room. Similarly horizontal lines are obtained by tables, chairs, book cases etc. Form It is also referred as shape, area or mass. Forms are closely related to lines. A long rectangular table or sofa helps in creating a line of unity in the room but at the same time too many shapes or formS of furniture create the impressionof chaos. Texture - Surface characteristics of any object is known as texture.
A rough texture absorbs light , ' 4 and smooth surface reflects light.
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Small and dark rooms should have smooth texture and large rooms can have rough texture, if needed. Textures can be used for wall finish, woodwork, furniture etc. Our national flags and political party flags are good examples of our attachment to various colours. We all know that colours are an integral part of our religion and culture, so the choice of colour is very important and relative to the functional use of space.
Light is intimately linked with colour because light is the source of all colours in nature. Bright colours should be used in dark areas and dark COIOurfcan be used in lighted areas. There are wide variety of colours for interior surfaces.
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A careful and thoughtful use of colours is very essential for attractive interiors. Pattern - Pattern is a kind of surface enrichment. Any room will look dull without any pattern. In interior design there are three types of motifs or units of design.
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Ferns and leaves are the most commonly used pattemmodels for fabrics and other decorative articles. Light - Light is an art and utilitarian element. Light is closely related to colour and texture. Daylight is very important in the overall appearance of a room.
Artificial lighting has become common in interior design today due to the lack of natural light in the interiors. There are many reasons for this. Many designers prefer artificial light for dramatic effect of interiors. However a good combination of natural and artificial lighting will save energy consumption.
Artistic placement of lights can bring out important areas and keep subordinate areas in shadow. There are several types of artificial lighting appliances available today for interior designers. Now, let us discuss the 'Principles' 2. Balance - Balance is equalisation of attraction on both sides of the centre. There are two types of balance. Emphasis - Emphasis helps to centre the interest to the most important thing or spot in any arrangement. It should be called as focal point or cenVe of interest.
If there is one main emphasized point in a room then others will become subdued. Few examples are a window, an arch. The point of emphasis should be decided by the interior designer. Emphasis 2. Rhythm - Rhythm is the movement of the eye' across a design.
It is a kind of organised movement in continuity. Rhythm develops through repetition of shapes, lines or colours. Rhythm 2. Proportion - Proportion is the consideration'of weight. It demands that all space divisions should be pleasingly related to each other. For example the division-of a room 4. Unity of Harmony - When all the elements of design are nicely related, then the design has unity or harmony. For example if all items have same colour or similar type of wood or.
All forms, lines, textures and colours should be harmonious. The colours need not be the same always, but they can be complementary or matching one another. Gold is the most uncorruptable and perfect of all the metals, so similarly this propotional relationship is also believed to be perfect.
It can be described as the relationship of two unequal parts, where the ratio of the smaller part to the larger pan is the same as that of the larger part to the whole. The ratio can be approximately assumed as 1:I. Assume 'a' as the.. A G lden mean rectangle can be generated from a given square. First the square is divided into half, then the diagonal of one of these rectangles is rotated d6wn along the side of the original square.
From the end of the rotated diagonal the desired Golden mean rectangle is constructed. Example: Assume a square of 4. It is 4.
Draw the diagonal arch OB cutting at F. It is 16 sq. It is 9. It is What are the elements of design composition? What are the principles of design composition? What is 'Golden mean rectangle'? The knowledge of different building materials, their properties and uses help in achieving economy and efficient use of materials. The cost of materials in the construction of a building ranges from 60 to 70 percent of the total cost.
Some essential building materials are described below. Many new building materials are combinations of these materials or further innovations of these materials. It is extensively used in general ,building cQnstruction and ornamental carving. It is also used for general building purposes and manufacturing of lime.
Harder slates are used fot damp-proofmg and steps of staircases. It is also used for flooring and other decorative works. It is used in foundations of structures and superstructures also, but not used for ornamental work.
I g Laterite - It is normally used for inferior type of stone masonry work. Stone aggregate - Aggregate is a general term applied to all inert materials which when bonded together with cement form concrete.
General properties a A good building stone should be hard, tough, compact grained and unifonn in texture and oolour. Stone should be properly seasoned by exposure to the air before they are put in a structure. They should be small enough to be lifted and placed by hand. Length should be three times of the height and breadth, and it should not be less than six inches.
Maximum height should be one foot. All stones should be wetted before use. Stone masonry types a Random rubble masonry b Coursed random rubble masonry c Square rubble coursed and uncoursed masonry d Ashlar a Random rubble masonry - The stones are hammer dressed on the face, sides and beds to such an extent that the stones will come into close proximity with the neighbouring stones.
Random Rubble Mason! No face stone should '''be narrower or shorte. Square Rubble Masonry Uncoursed Fig. Ashlar 2. C Terracota A Bricks The manufacturing of bricks involves four distinct operations. They are earth preparation for bricks, moulding, drying and buining.
The - normal sizes of bricks available in India are 9" x 4 a Brick properties -- r x 3" and 10" x 5" x : The surface should not be too smooth because mortar will not stick to it.
All bricks should be soaked in water for about one hour before use. B TIles - They can be divided into two classes. Flooring tiles 2. RooImg tiles 3. Quarry tiles. Glazedearthenwaretiles , 1. Square tile siZes are 15 x 15 ems with 18 mm thickness, and 20 x 20 cms with 20 mm thickness Roofing tiles - There are number of vaqeties.
These are generally rectangular in plan. For example Mangalore tiles, Allahabad tiles, flemish tiles and country tiles. Quarry tiles - These are very dense and possess a good wear resisting property.
They are used for heavy wear or chemical resistance flooring. Glazed earthenware tiles - The top side of the tile should be glazed and the underside should be completely free from glaze so that the tiles may stick well to the surface. The edges should be free from glaze. These are generally used in finishing floors and walls of kitchens, bathrooms, water closets and. Terracota - It is a kind of earthenware made from superior clay by burning.Watch, adapt, adopt!
They can be easily accessible for maintenance through the false ceiling.
Part 5 — Styles, Periods and Design History. Dime store bandannas make pretty, inexpensive pillow covers. Glazedearthenwaretiles , 1. An adjustable ironing board placed beside a bed makes a perfect bed table for someone who's ill and confined to bed. Thanks for sharing such a beautiful information with us. Seasoning of timber may be done naturally- or artificially.
For example if all items have same colour or similar type of wood or.
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