KASTURIRANGAN COMMITTEE REPORT ON WESTERN GHATS PDF
Identification of Ecologically Sensitive Areas in Western Ghats . requested a committee of Dr. Y.V.N Krishna Murthy, Director, Indian Institute of. Report of the high level working group on Western Ghats (Kasturirangan Western Ghats Report) Dr. K Kasturirangan (Member, Planning Commission) and includes weinratgeber.info · HLWG-Report-Partpdf. The Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP), also known as the Gadgil Commission after its chairman Madhav Gadgil, was an environmental research commission appointed by the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India. The commission submitted the report to the Government of India on 31 The Kasturirangan report seeks to bring just 37% of the Western Ghats under.
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and WGEEP report. What is so controversial about Madhav Gadgil committee and Kasturirangan committee reports? Madhav Gadgil Committee Report on the Western Ghats. Gadgil Commission .. Print Friendly, PDF & Email. Share The Western Ghats are the forested hill range running parallel to the Arabian panel, High Level Working Group (HLWG) led by Planning Commission member and astrophysicist Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan to examine the Gadgil report. The Western Ghats are naturally an important focus of sustainable development efforts. The report embodies among other things (i) categorization of the Western Ghats into three Biodiversity Management Committee.
The management of Western Ghats ecology involves conservation, protection and rejuvenation as well as sustainable development in Western Ghats through periodic assessments of environment and ecology on a long term basis across the Six States of Western Ghats region using state-of-art geospatial technologies.
The information generated will be used for wide range of purposes including planning and policy formulation from time to time, keeping in view of changes monitored both in time and space. A Centre with the mandate to: i use the existing and new knowledge to build a vibrant political dialogue in the region as a whole on the need to make shifts in development paradigm, given its particular vulnerability, ii assess and report on the state of ecology of the entire region, and iii provide a decision support function in the implementation of ESAs is essential.
The maps generated on GIS platform having different layers have a wide range of applications. Consequently, the HLWG recommends that the approach followed for identification of ESAs serves as a model for replication elsewhere in the region and country. Climate change and Western Ghats HLWG recommends that the proposed Centre may undertake these studies.
In any case, the likely increase in temperature regime, rainfall and extreme events, besides decrease in the duration of precipitation which alone has serious concern for Western Ghats ecosystem - increased water stress to the forests, in fire incidences, evapo-transpiration and surface runoff. As a adaptive measure to these changes, a number of adaptive strategies such as i species-mix plantations, ii planting of hardy species that are resilient to increased temperature and drought risk, and iii launching of a few adaptive projects such as anticipatory plantation along altitudinal and latitudinal gradient and linking of PAs and forests fragments and implementing advance fire warning strategy, which have been outlined in Chapter 3, should be taken into account while formulating policies across Western Ghats region xxi F.
Specific cases referred to HLWG HLWG is of the view that while the importance of the proposed Athirappilly hydropower project for meeting the peaking power requirements of the State cannot be disputed, there is still uncertainty about ecological flow available in the riverine stretch, which has a dam at a short distance upstream of the proposed project. It recommends that given the increased variability due to unpredictable monsoon, the project must be revaluated in terms of the generation of energy and whether the plant load factor expected in the project makes it viable against the loss of local populations of some species.
Based on this revaluation and collection of data on ecological flow, the Government of Kerala, could take forward the proposal, if it so desires with the Ministry of Environment and Forests. As the proposed Gundya hydropower project is located in the ESA, it must be proceeded upon with extreme caution.
HLWG recommends that the Government of Karnataka should reassess the ecological flow in the downstream areas, based on a thorough evaluation of hydrological regimes in the area. The project should not be given the go-ahead, till such a review and reassessment is made.
The Governments review must also assess local damage to all forests, which will emanate from the construction work and if at all, this can be mitigated. The HWLG has not proposed a complete ban on the construction of hydropower projects in the ESA, but its recommended conditions that balance the needs of energy with environment, must be followed. HLWG has recommended that there should be a complete ban on mining activity in ESA and that current mining activities in ESA would be phased out within five years, or at the time of expiry of the mining lease, whichever is earlier.
In view of the fact that the matter of iron ore mining in Goa is xxii pending before the Honble Supreme Court, HLWG does not find it appropriate to make any other recommendation in the matter. HLWG recommends that the moratorium imposed should be lifted with the following conditions. As per the recommendations of this report, in the area of these two districts, which has been categorized as ESA, the sectoral restrictions and regulations will apply.
In the remaining area, including the area outside ESA but within Western Ghats, environment and forest processes and regulations will continue to apply. However, in order to ensure that such development projects do not adversely impact the environmental balance of the two districts, MoEF should monitor on regular basis the cumulative impact of projects, which may come up in these districts and take policy decisions at appropriate time based on such findings.
II The aforesaid recommendations clearly bring out the requirements for their implementation. They convinced the people against the report in their favour.
The lobby told the people that the report was against farmers and they would have to leave the area.
People got really worried. And it is in this background that another committee was appointed to study Gadgil Report, review and suggest measures for implementation. A complete ban on mining, quarrying and sand mining in ESA. Current mining areas in the ESA should be phased out within the next five years, or at the time of expiry of mining lease, whichever is earlier.
Kasturirangan report on the Western Ghats has made several pro-farmer recommendations, including the exclusion of inhabited regions and plantations from the purview of ecologically sensitive areas ESAs. The Kasturirangan report had said villages fall under the ESA purview.
Criticisms of Kasturirangan committee Report The Kasturirangan panel used remote sensing and aerial survey methods for zonal demarcation of land in the Western Ghats. The usage of such techniques, without examining the ground reality, has caused many errors in the report.
The power is vested with the bureaucrats and forest officials and not with gram sabhas. Under this report, the mining and quarrying lobbies are expected to flourish. When these lobbies and tourism flourish, it will be disastrous for the environment.
There will be a water shortage, there will be pollution. Finally, farmers will have to quit the area. They will not be able to do farming there. Kasturirangan report included ecologically non-sensitive areas under ESA, and left out many ecologically sensitive areas!
Comparison of Gadgil Report and Kasturirangan Report Whenever we study environment, the evergreen topic of debate is between environment and development. It is tough to achieve a perfect balance.
The same happened with both these reports. If Gadgil report laid too much importance to the environment, Kasturirangan report was biased towards development. Kasturi Rangan report was criticized by many as that it provided loopholes for mining, which if allowed would turn detrimental to the environment, in long-term will affect development too. Kasturirangan report got the tag as anti-environmental soon after its release.
But this report was tagged anti-development too by many who fear that their livelihood and interests will be affected. He prescribed that the existing sanctuaries and ESZ-1 would together cover 60 percent of this landscape. The 25 percent lowest priority areas would be marked as ESZ-3 to allow all developmental activities with precautions.
The remaining 15 percent area would become ESZ For example, while no mining would be allowed within ESZ- 1, existing mines could continue in ESZ-2 with a moratorium on new licences. In ESZ-3, new mines could come up. The Kasturirangan panel, on the other hand, adopted the criteria followed by the Western Ghats Development Programme of the Planning Commission and identified talukas as its Western Ghats landscape, which worked out to 1,64, sq km.
He marked 37 percent of this stretch as ESA where hazardous industries, thermal plants or mines would not be allowed.
Now, according to the Gadgil report, the ESZ-1 areas add up to approximately 77, sq km 60 percent of 1,29, sq km. That is a reduction of 17, sq km in the top priority segment.
Source : Western Ghats — Tehelka. The reports were neither available in the public domain nor the opinion of states was asked. So guess who intervened by this time? The Kasturirangan panel had submitted its report to the Ministry on April 15, Finally it was put in public domain and also disseminated to all stakeholders including the six Western Ghats states including Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, Kerala and Tamil Nadu for feedback and comments.
Going with the recommendations of the high-level panel that was headed by Mr. With the central government deciding to implement the Kasturirangan Committee report on the Western Ghats, there were several protests in Kerala. Even those who opposed the Gadgil Committee report now want it in place of the Kasturirangan Committee report.
People now fear that due to illegal mining they would get evicted indirectly. The high-level panel had recommended that the hill tracts with high population densities be kept out of the ESA ambit.
The MoEF recently came out with the order, and according to directions under Section 5 of the Environment Protection Act, , bars mining in ecologically fragile areas EFA not to be confused with ESA , setting up of thermal plants and restricts buildings to less than 20, sq ft in villages mentioned in the K.
Kasturirangan report of the state. Update As Kerala faces its worst floods in several decades , Madhav Gadgil, the author of a landmark report on the conservation of the Western Ghats created said that Kerala Floods are partly man-made. He said the scale of the disaster would have been smaller had the state government and local authorities followed environmental laws. This statement has again brought the debate — development vs environment — back into the mainstream.
Kasturirangan Committee Report Vol I & II With State Govt Comments
As you all know, the need of the hour is sustainable development. Alex is the founder of ClearIAS. As one of the pioneers in online civil services exam coaching, his notes, strategies, guidance, and mock exams have been helping thousands of candidates clear various stages of UPSC Civil Services exam, every year.
Due to these confusions between these two reports provided here are really suffered by people like me who stays in these said ESA. The people who stays in those areas are directly feared of their livelihood.
Population density of certain states are high. People have better living right than animals. Gadgil and Kasturi should consider these facts. Even all species have same living rights like us so please coaprate to conserve our last bit of our breathing land rather than opposing it…….. The reports were inadequate. Environmentalists want their domain to be predominant while politicians and industry voice diametrically opposite view.
Ground realities are dismal and the hills are slowly becoming unlivable. In another decade or so, Western Ghats are going to be devoid of forests and water and that will deprive the entire population of their livelihood. Since it is type of slow death, nobody will realise it. Not only by implementing the reports but also floods that they loss his lives. The need of the hour is protection of ecologically sensitive areas from the mafias, i think these report will not effect the livelihoods especially gadgil report, but what the govt did that, instead of giving clarity about awareness and importance to the implementation of these reports govt.
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Notify me of follow-up comments by email.The 25 percent lowest priority areas would be marked as ESZ-3 to allow all developmental activities with precautions. He marked 37 percent of this stretch as ESA where hazardous industries, thermal plants or mines would not be allowed. Current mining areas in the ESA should be phased out within the next five years, or at the time of expiry of mining lease, whichever is earlier. Going with the recommendations of the high-level panel that was headed by Mr.
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