FREEDOM CHARTER PDF
THE FREEDOM CHARTER. ADOPTED AT THE CONGRESS OF THE PEOPLE AT. KLIPTOWN, JOHANNESBURG, ON JUNE 25 AND 26, \^E, the People . draw up a Freedom Charter for the democratic South Africa of the future”. History of the. FREEDOM CHARTER. 26 March The Defend. African National Congress. The Freedom Charter. Adopted at the Congress of the People, Kliptown, on 26 June We, the People of South Africa, declare for.
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As Minister of Education, I invite all schools to participate in the Celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Freedom Charter at. PDF | The Freedom Charter represents a desire to create a society that is based on common citizenship and democracy in a society divided in. The Freedom Charter is revisited as a democratic document with specific qualities In discussing the Freedom Charter today, even though it has existed and.
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Skip to main content. South African History Online. A Land Dispossession History ss. A history of Apartheid in South Africa Land: Politically, the world was changing.
In Africa, countries such as Zambia, Mozambique and Tanzania, which had embraced nationalisation and other socialist ideologies, were in economic crisis.
The apartheid government had been late in embracing a market-based policy of deregulation and non-intervention.
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From the early s onwards, it had sought to enhance the role of the private sector in policymaking, and the ANC, once in power, extended the process of economic liberalisation by adopting macro-economic policies that rapidly led to the containment of fiscal deficit easing fears of a populist response , single-digit inflation and lower interest rates. Macro-economic policy was welcomed by the private sector, both locally and abroad, as well as by international institutions such as the International Monetary Fund IMF and the World Bank, but not by the labour unions Greenberg Macro-economics is that branch of economics that is concerned with group behaviour, where the entire nation is the group Kennedy It seeks to answer questions about the general levels of activity, employment, prices, production, income, expenditure, inflation, unemployment and volume of money in circulation in any economic system.
Therefore, macro-economic policy refers to a plan or course of action that focuses on the economy of the country as a whole, which is specifically aimed at managing employment and production levels, determining levels of income and expenditure, limiting inflation and ensuring economic growth Cornelissen et al.
The RDP base document, a product of the ANC-led alliance, was also a radical document which required that the many tenets of the Freedom Charter be met. The document was, however, revised many times in order to accommodate the interests of the business sector.
Download or order the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Canadian Bill of Rights
It also raised the possibility of funding the RDP through the privatisation of under-utilised state assets Jeffery The White Paper described the RDP as an integrated, coherent, socio-economic framework with its main priority being the creation of employment through economic growth.
Other goals included the alleviation of poverty and extreme inequality, increasing manufactured exports, and addressing uneven development in different regions in the country RSA The objectives of the RDP were wholly compatible with privatisation, liberalisation and convertibility Marais The RDP was successful in some areas, such as social security where the government established an extensive welfare system. A free health care system was also implemented for pregnant women and children, and free meals were provided to between three and a half million and five million school children Cling Five hundred new clinics were built, ensuring that five million additional people had medical services close to where they lived.
From the outset, however, the implementation of the RDP proved to be far from plain sailing Luiz ; Cameron A lack of resources was another factor Luiz ; Wallis The RDP fund of R2. The inability of the ANC government to prioritise the RDP and integrate it as a guide to its socio-economic policies was also a factor.
The GEAR document emphasised that according to the Department of Finance the accelerated economic growth associated with stronger employment creation was the key to arriving at an equitable distribution of income and improved standards of living for all. Employment creation provides a powerful vehicle for redistribution, supported by government housing, water and sanitation, health, education, welfare and social security services provision Department of Finance The strategy further stated that this saving, combined with increased government investment, would eliminate government dissaving Department of Finance The trade and industry policy, in turn, focused on employment and boosting international competitiveness.
Emphasis was placed on enhancing competitiveness and employment in the manufacturing and tourism sectors, with industrial support measures including innovation, productivity and small business support programmes, tax exemptions and tax holidays, and the strengthening of competition legislation Luiz With regard to labour, it was stated that trade liberalisation had to be accompanied by greater flexibility in the labour market; otherwise rising unemployment would be the result Jeffery The implementation of GEAR proceeded rapidly and it was praised by the local and international business communities.
In , the effectiveness of GEAR was measured against its expressed targets.
The Freedom Charter
It did ensure that South Africa strengthened its financial situation, lowered its interest rates and brought inflation under control Habib In addition, the budget deficit was only 2. In other areas, however, GEAR failed dismally.
The preaching and practice of national, race or colour discrimination and contempt shall be a punishable crime;.
The national wealth of our country, the heritage of South Africans, shall be restored to the people;.
The mineral wealth beneath the soil, the Banks and monopoly industry shall be transferred to the ownership of the people as a whole;. All other industry and trade shall be controlled to assist the wellbeing of the people;.
All people shall have equal rights to trade where they choose, to manufacture and to enter all trades, crafts and professions.
Restrictions of land ownership on a racial basis shall be ended, and all the land re-divided amongst those who work it to banish famine and land hunger;.
The state shall help the peasants with implements, seed, tractors and dams to save the soil and assist the tillers;.
People shall not be robbed of their cattle, and forced labour and farm prisons shall be abolished. No-one shall be imprisoned, deported or restricted without a fair trial; No-one shall be condemned by the order of any Government official;. Imprisonment shall be only for serious crimes against the people, and shall aim at re-education, not vengeance;.
The police force and army shall be open to all on an equal basis and shall be the helpers and protectors of the people;. All laws which discriminate on grounds of race, colour or belief shall be repealed.
The law shall guarantee to all their right to speak, to organise, to meet together, to publish, to preach, to worship and to educate their children;. All shall be free to travel without restriction from countryside to town, from province to province, and from South Africa abroad;.
The Freedom Charter (Original document scan)
Pass Laws, permits and all other laws restricting these freedoms shall be abolished.Formal non-agricultural employment declined by an estimated 3. It takes time to implement policy but in view of the short time span of the NGP it is hard to assess its effectiveness or otherwise Gumede All who work shall be free to form trade unions, to elect their officers and to make wage agreements with their employers;.
Archived versions, in languages other than English or French, are available in PDF format and are provided for reference only. Melanie Romero. New Delhi.
Imprisonment shall be only for serious crimes against the people. To legitimise this option, the ANC has resolved to push the de-racialisation of the economy which perpetuated inequality, poverty, unemployment, racism and dispossession.
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