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ANIMAL ANATOMY FOR ARTISTS ELIOT GOLDFINGER PDF

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Goldfinger, Eliot Animal anatomy for artists: the elements of form/Eliot Goldfinger. p. cm. Includes. DOWNLOAD PDF Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form ANIMAL ANATOMY FOR ARTISTS ELIOT GOLDFINGER ANIMAL ANATOMY FOR. by Eliot Goldfinger November From the author of the classic Human Anatomy for Artists comes this user-friendly reference guide featuring over five.


Animal Anatomy For Artists Eliot Goldfinger Pdf

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Atlas Animal Anatomy for Artists - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book Eliot Goldfinger - Human Anatomy for Artists (the Elements of Form). In more than pages with over illustrations (most of them original handmade pencil drawings). Eliot Goldfinger delivers an excellent reference guide on. From the author of the classic Human Anatomy for Artists comes this user-friendly reference guide featuring over five hundred original drawings and over.

The uppermost fibers reach the nose in the dog. Corner of the mouth, merging with fibers of the orbicularis sists of two parts—a wide portion surrounding the lips, and a narrow oris. Also into the upper and lower lips lip portion. Flattens compresses the cheek, pushing food against the movements in the horse. The orbicularis oris is well developed in the molars for chewing.

Also pulls the corner of the mouth rearward. In the horse, the buccinator consists of deep and superficial mobile in the dog and feline. Surface of the masseter muscle at the bony facial ridge, forms, lying between the corner of the mouth and the masseter muscle. In below the eye.

Zygomatic arch and surface of the masseter muscle. Cartilaginous plate scutiform cartilage lying on the sur- fibers, and a deep portion, the fibers of which are directed forward; it can face of the temporalis muscle, located near the rear end of the upper be seen as a bulging form on the surface. In the dog, the buccinator con- surface of the head. Corner of the mouth slightly toward the upper lip , merging fuse together at the corner of the mouth, and a lip portion that passes for- with the fibers of the orbicularis oris.

Pulls the corner of the mouth upward and rearward. Bones of the side of the face in front of the eye in the horse; end of the facial crest in the ox; just above the large molar in the dog lower, at the end of the facial crest in the ox; above the large molar and feline.

Skin on the front of the upper lip, by common in the dog and feline. In the horse and ox, the caninus pulls the side wall of the nos- upper lip and the side of the nostril. Muscles of both sides: Lift the front of the upper retracts the front of the upper lip, exposing the "canine" tooth.

In the horse, the caninus is a thin, flat, triangular muscle. It side only: Lifts and pulls the upper lip slightly to that side. Lifts begins with a thick tendon, and widens as it inserts into the edge of the the upper lip and widens the nostril opening.

In the horse, the levator labii maxillaris is a long, teardrop- first passing under the rear portion then over the front portion. Its lower shaped muscle. It begins wide and thin, then narrows and thickens, fibers blend with the orbicularis oris; the lower edge of the muscle may be develops a round tendon, meets the tendon of the same muscle of the visible on the surface.

In the ox, the caninus does not diverge as much as other side, expands into a wide tendinous sheet, and finally inserts into in the horse, but rather develops two or three tendons that attach to the the skin of the upper lip on the front of the snout.

The belly and the ten- side of the nostril. In the dog, it lies just below, and parallel to, the levator don can be seen on the surface and are directed upward, inward, and labii maxillaris; they both pass under the levator nasolabialis.

In the ox, it is a flattened muscle that passes between the two Depressor labii maxillaris superioris divisions of the levator nasolabialis and develops several tendons. Side of the upper jaw, at the end of the facial crest, above expanding into the wide central tendon and inserting. In the dog, the the molars. Front end of the upper lip and the lower portion of the nostril. Pulls the front end of the upper lip and the lower end of the lying parallel and above the caninus, or as the rear portion of the nostril rearward.

The muscle splits into two bundles before inserting. It is not present in the horse, dog, or feline. Front portion: The bone in front of the eye. Rear portion: Rear end of the edge of the tooth sockets of the molars of surface of the masseter muscle. Lower lip. Both sides of the head: One side only: Lifts the skin of the cheek. The depressor labii mandibularis is an elongated muscle the lower eyelid downward, opening the eye.

The two portions pull in that lies on the side of the lower jaw and runs along the lower edge of opposite directions. In the ox, the malaris is a wide, thin muscle that fans out on buccinator. In the horse, its rounded belly ends in a tendon visible on the side of the face below and to the front of the eye. It passes under the the surface that widens as it inserts into the lower lip.

In the ox, zygomaticus. The muscle has two portions—a front portion levator it consists of a muscular band with no tendon and is inconspicuous. Midline on the bottom of the lower jaw. Higher, Zygomaticus minor, Lachrymalis from the surface of the muscles of the upper lip region near the corner of the mouth. Fascia on the bone below and in front of the eye. Pulls the lower eyelid downward, opening the eye. In the lower eyelid. The malaris depressor palpebrae inferioris is a small of the bottom of the jaw, and extending upward to the lower eyelid.

It remnant of the usually more extensive malaris found in the passes over the zygomaticus, masseter, and buccinator. The muscle is other species. Side of the front end of the lower jaw near the lower OX canine tooth in the dog and feline.

Top of the skull, between the horns, and at the base of the horn. Skin of the front of the chin. Pulls the chin upward, which in turn pushes the front of the into the orbicularis oculi. Lifts the region above the eye the "eyebrow" region.

The frontalis, present only in the ox, is a wide, thin muscle prominence of the chin in the horse and ox. It passes downward from that lies on the forehead. The fibers that insert into the upper inner its bony origin to its skin insertion. The muscle fibers of both sides unite corner of the eye pull this region upward and rearward, resembling the and intermingle with fat and connective tissue.

In the dog and feline, function of the levator anguli oculi medialis which is present in the the muscle fans out as it descends. In the horse, dog, and feline, the muscle comparable to the frontalis is the fronto-scutularis. It inserts into, and pulls, the scutiform cartilage, which is in turn attached to the ear by other muscle. It is there- fore considered one of the muscles of the ear, and not a muscle that moves the eyebrow region, as in the ox. Assists in dilating the nostril.

Upper part: From the nasal bone, along the upper edge of the horse. It inserts directly into parts of the edges of the nostril, rather than large notch at the front end of the bones of the snout to the rear of the into the outer wall of the nasal cavity. Lower part: Both parts insert into the surface of the outer wall of the a thin muscular sheet that covers various parts of the body see page nasal cavity.

Dilates the nasal cavity by pulling the soft, outer wall of the inserts into the corner of the mouth, fusing with the orbicularis oris. It nasal cavity outward and rearward, and assists in dilating the actual pulls the corner of the mouth rearward and has a strong effect on the nostril opening. It does not dilate or expand the "false nostril" nasal shape of the mouth. It is least developed in the horse. It pulls the corner of the lies above the true nasal cavity.

The lateralis nasi surrounds the bony notch of the snout and designated the depressor anguli oris. Some fibers of the cutaneous converges on the surface of the outer wall of the nasal cavity. It consists muscle of the head transversely cross over the snout and insert into the of upper and lower parts. The upper part passes under the tendon of the upper part of the lateralis nasi.

They assist in dilating the nostril. This muscle is not present in the dog or feline. The platysma of the dog is quite wide; it begins on the midline OX on the back of the upper neck and inserts into the corner of the mouth. From the edge of the top of the cartilage of the The platysma of the feline is the widest and most developed of the snout in the front of the nasal bone and just behind the nostril.

Lower species described here.

It remains wide at its inserting end on the part: Along the edge of the forwardmost projecting bone of the upper side of the face where it attaches to several facial muscles, yet, as in jaw incisivus bone and the adjacent cartilage.

Upper part of the inner wing of the nostril. Lower the mouth. Outer wing of the nostril. They also rotate the ear Because the ear muscles are so numerous, do not create from a forward-facing position to a rear-facing position, directing its con- surface form, and lie in layers, they are depicted here as linear axes, with cave, sound-gathering "cup" outwardly as it rotates.

The muscles insert an arrow indicating their direction of pull. The ear of the extends to be directly onto the ear, or insert onto the movable scutiform cartilage, directed horizontally, rather than upright, as in the horse, dog, and feline. Upper rear part of the skull, on the rounded braincase and the horse, a conspicuous hollow can be seen on the surface of the muscle surrounding bony ridges.

It is called the "salt cellar. Top of the upward projection of the lower jaw continuing In the horse and feline, the muscles of both sides meet at the mid- down the front edge of the jaw in the horse, dog, and feline. Closes the mouth, for biting and chewing, by lifting the lower not meet at the midline, depending on the breed.

In the dog and feline, jaw up and pulling it back. The muscle fibers begin from a wide origin and converge the muscles of both sides. In the dog and feline, a small band of muscle deeply onto the upper tip of the lower jaw. Except for the ox, the round- fibers arises from the rear end of the zygomatic arch and curves upward, ed form of the muscle fills out the upper back portion of the head, espe- forward, and then downward to the lower jaw, deep to the zygomatic cially in the dog and feline, where the muscle is well developed.

In the arch, where it fuses with the rest of the muscle. Lower edge of the zygomatic arch continuing forward along a upper articular surface, some gliding can occur here. The dog and feline bony ridge of the side of the face in the horse and ox.

Side of the broad, upright portion of the lower jaw—up to ing, with limited side motion. The masseter is a strong, flattened muscle in the horse and lower and rear edges of the lower jaw and onto the surface of the deep ox, bulging in the dog and feline. In the horse and ox, it stops at the pterygoid muscle beyond the rear end of the lower jaw in the dog edge of the lower jaw.

In the dog and feline, it projects substantially and feline. Closes the mouth, for biting and chewing, by lifting the lower layers, only a small portion of the deep layer of the masseter comes to jaw. In the horse and ox, it also pulls the lower jaw sideways outward the surface in the horse, just in front of the jaw joint.

Bony projection on the bottom of the rear part of the skull. Rear edge of the lower jaw. Lower lower jaw in this region. In the feline, the muscle inserts farther forward edge of the rear end of the lower jaw.

Pulls the rear end of the lower jaw backward pivoting the lower visible on the surface in the ox. The parotid gland lies on the side of the jaw at the jaw joint , which opens the mouth. In the horse, the digastric consists of a deep portion not digastric muscle. HORSE DOG Salivary glands The mandibular gland is a separate, elongated gland that lies The parotid gland is a soft, sponge-like form sitting in the hollow along the rear edge of the parotid gland in the ox.

In the dog and between the back of the lower jaw and the side of the neck wing of feline, the mandibular gland is an ovoid body, approximately half the the atlas.

It extends up to, and surrounds except in the ox , the base size of the parotid gland, and is located below the parotid gland. It is of the ear. The gland spreads over the rear edge of the lower jaw and in contact with the lower end of the parotid.

The mandibular gland of softens the definition of the anatomy in this region. When the head is the horse is mostly concealed by the parotid gland. The parotid gland is elongated in the horse and ox, and shorter Sternothyroid. Front surface of the wing of the first neck vertebra atlas. Rear part of the skull. Both sides together extend the head.

This is a short muscle which fill the space between the skull atlas the first neck vertebra and the vertical projection of the axis the and the first neck vertebra. It is directed forward, upward, and inward.

Upper edge of the upright spine of the second neck vertebra. Rear end of the skull near the midline. Extends the head. This narrow muscle lies just to the side of, and partly under, first neck vertebra atlas. Rotates the first neck vertebra which pivots on the second neck feline, it lies against its fellow of the other side on the midline; the vertebra to the side, thereby turning the head to the side.

Largest of the group, this thick muscle is directed forward and outward. Its rear portion is buried in muscle, but as it advances, it approaches the surface. By tendinous fibers from the region of the sides of the first and with the splenius and the omotransversarius. Longissimus capitis: Longissimus atlantis: Muscles of both sides of the body: The longissimus capitis and longissimus atlantis are two muscle of the brachiocephalicus and the wide, thin tendon of the elongated, parallel muscles, part of the longissimus system of the verte- splenius, both of which attach to the rear end of the skull.

The key to bral column. They lie deep to the splenius. The upper rear muscle, the understanding this region is to isolate each visible form and follow longissimus capitis, inserts into the skull by a flat tendon, in common it toward its origin and insertion. This tendon may occasionally be seen on the surface passing over the wing of the atlas, as well as on its way to the skull. Rear end of the cord of the nuchal ligament, and the tips of the three to the sides of neck vertebrae three, four, and five directly by upright spines of the third, fourth, and fifth thoracic vertebrae.

By five separate and distinct insertions into i a line on the neck portion of the serratus ventralis, whose elongated segments are rear end of the skull from the midline above down to the mastoid oriented in a direction very similar to the segments of the splenius. However, and fifth neck vertebrae not the second.

Both sides of the body together: Extend the head and lift the volume of the neck. It is thicker in the dog and the feline than in the ox. Pulls the head and neck to that side. The splenius is a large, flat, triangular muscle located between the head, the top of the shoulder, and the neck vertebrae.

It comes to the surface in an irregular rectangular window bordered by the brachiocephalicus in front, the trapezius and a small portion of the rhomboid behind, and the neck portion of the serratus ventralis cervicis below. Side of the first neck vertebra.

The sides of the first four neck vertebrae. Fascia on the surface of the shoulder region and outside of and the fascia of the shoulder.

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Pulls the neck to the side when the limb is fixed; pulls the limb at its upper end, located on the side of the neck. It extends from the forward when the neck is fixed. The omotransversarius is thick and muscular on the side of portion is covered by the brachiocephalicus, which crosses it on a strong the neck. It widens as it descends, then it thins as it passes over the diagonal line.

This leaves an elongated triangular portion of the lower shoulder, where it fuses with the fascia on the surface of the shoulder end of the omotransversarius exposed at the shoulder. Lower end of the side of the first neck vertebra. Also from the base of the skull. Lower end excluding the tip of the spine of the shoulder blade, and the surface of the deltoid. The origin and insertion are often reversed in the dog and the feline when the shoulder is considered the more fixed point of attachment.

The brachiocephalicus lies in front of the The brachiocephalicus "arm-to-head" muscle is a long, wide, straplike omotransversarius, which used to be considered part of the brachio- muscle that passes from the head and neck down to the front of the elbow cephalicus, and was called the cleidocervicalis.

The longer, upper portion, the cleidocephalicus, nuchal ligament on the midline of the neck. Base of "clavicle-to-head" is further divided in some species into two parts—the the skull, just behind the ear hole. Diagonal line on the lower part of the front of the humerus, "clavicle-to-neck" or cleido-occipitalis "clavicle-to-occipital bone". The upper portion of the brachiocephalicus is divisible The clavicle is absent in the horse and the ox and is represented into the cleido-occipitalis and the cleidomastoid.

The two portions are by a tendinous line present in the ox, variable in the horse. In the dog distinctly separate, with their upper ends separated by a narrow interval. A small, vestigial bony clavicle, lying deep to the brachio- of the neck. The muscle as a whole narrows at the shoulder and passes in cephalicus, is fused to the inner half of this tendinous line.

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The clavicle front of the shoulder joint. Continuous line on the rear of the skull, beginning on the mid- a short distance from the midline.

Base of the skull line, passing downward and forward, and ending behind and below the behind the ear hole. Line on the humerus that begins halfway down the outside humerus. Inner surface of the upper end of the ulna, just below of the bone and passes downward and inward on the front of the lower the elbow joint, in common with the brachialis. Pulls the entire forelimb forward and extends the shoulder superficial part, the cleidocervicalis cleidotrapezius in the feline , and a joint when the head and neck are fixed.

Both sides of the body: Pulls deep part, the cleidomastoid. The cleidocervicalis begins wide and thin the head and neck downward. Pulls the head and on the back of the front half of the neck and covers a considerable portion neck to that side.

The brachiocephalicus is a simple, long, straplike muscle and the sternocephalicus. The overall muscle narrows as it descends, passing from the head to the arm. Its upper end develops a thin, wide crossing in front of the shoulder joint.

Because of its insertion past the tendon that attaches to the skull and allows deeper structures to show elbow joint onto the ulna in the feline, the form of the brachiocephalicus through. It descends in front of the shoulder joint. The lower end of the is directed lower on the limb than in the other species. Deep surface of the supraspinatus and the subclavius muscles, muscles that lie on the front of the neck and converge at the upper end just above the level of the shoulder joint.

Hyoid bone, in common with the sternohyoid. The omohyoid begins deep to the shoulder and only comes The hyoid bone is composed of a number of thin bones that are to the surface on the side of the throat. It emerges from under the bra- suspended from the rear end of the base of the skull. The sternohyoid, chiocephalicus, crosses the trachea on a diagonal line, and inserts onto omohyoid, and mylohyoid attach to a roughly "U" shaped portion of the the hyoid bone.

This muscle is not superficial in the other species.

Animal Anatomy for Artists, The Elements of Form Eliot Goldfinger

The hyoid bone is hidden from view behind the lower jaw in the horse and the ox, Mylohyoid but it is seen in the dog and the feline in the side view. Inside surface of the lower jaw, just below the tooth sockets. Into the same muscle of the other side, along the midline, and then into the hyoid bone. Cartilage at the front end of the sternum. Hyoid bone, thyroid cartilage.

Both sides together form a sling under the lower jaw. Pulls the hyoid bone, and the tongue which is connected to it, drops down below the level of the lower jaw and therefore forms part of downward and rearward.

The Sternothyrohyoid passes from the throat to the sternum, and consists of the combined sternothyroid and sternohyoid. It remains in The mylohyoid of the ox may drop slightly below the lower edge of the contact with its fellow of the other side of the body, on the front of the jaw, whereas in the horse is does not, and therefore does not participate neck, throughout their lengths.

The lower end of the muscle at the ster- in creating the profile. Near the throat, it splits and sends a narrow side branch to the thyroid cartilage the sternothyroid. The larger inner branch the sternohyoid inserts onto the bottom of the hyoid bone in common with the omohyoid. Deep surface of the front end of the sternum and the front edge of the cartilage of the first rib.

Hyoid bone. Only the sternohyoid comes to the surface; the sternothy- roid is deep. The bulge of the thyroid cartilage may be seen through the muscle at the upper end of the neck, when not obscured by loose skin folds.

Base The Sternocephalicus "sternum-to-head" muscle is the general name for of the skull in the region behind the ear hole.

See above. Also opens the mouth by pulling the lower jaw and ends on various parts of the skull. When it inserts onto the lower jaw, downward. The Sternocephalicus consists of two separate muscles— process on the base of the skull, the sternomastoid; and onto the occipi- the sternomandibularis, which attaches to the lower jaw, and the ster- tal bone on the upper rear edge of the skull, the sterno-occipitalis.

For most of the neck, the two muscles parallel each other; the sternomastoid lies to HORSE Sternomandibularis the inside of, and is partly overlapped by, the sternomandibularis. Halfway down the rear edge of the lower jaw. Both sides together: Pull the head and neck downward. One and deeper insertion on the base of the skull.

The sternomastoid side only: The sternomandibularis is a long narrow muscle that passes third of the front of the neck, where they come to the surface. Here up the neck from the midline on the front of the chest to the rear edge of they lie between the sternomandibularis muscles, which are not in the lower jaw. The muscles on each side of the body are initially in contact contact with each other. Front end of the sternum, in common with the muscle of the the muscle narrows and then disappears under the parotid gland, which other side of the body.

Upper edge of the rear end of the skull. At a level Sternomastoid: Base of the skull behind the ear hole mastoid process. Most of the Sternocephalicus, from its origin upward, is a forward, which lies on the upper end of the Sternocephalicus. This venous single belly. Near the head, it separates into the wider, thinner sterno- branch can appear as a furrow on the surface.

Front end of the sternum and the cartilage of the first rib. Lower edge of the lower jaw and the of both sides of the body are in contact with each other for a short distance above the sternum before they diverge. The side of the lower two thirds of the nuchal ligament and the tips of the upward projections of the thoracic vertebrae and intervening tips of the upward projections of the thoracic vertebrae and intervening ligament to the fifth thoracic vertebra.

The rhomboid is completely covered by the trapezius. Inner surface of the cartilage of the shoulder blade. Pulls the upper end of the shoulder blade upward, forward, and under cover of the trapezius. The rhomboid is an irregular four-sided muscle with an the second neck vertebra to the sixth thoracic vertebra; base of the skull.

Upper edge of the shoulder blade. The rhomboid is also covered completely by the trapezius. The portion on the neck is long and narrow. Its tip is superficial—the It is thicker in the dog and the feline than in the horse and the ox. The rhom- boid is not seen under the trapezius as a distinct form, but rather adds a muscular fullness to the back of the neck in front of the shoulder. Inner deep surface of the wing ilium of the pelvis and its muscle consists of numerous overlapping bundles that continuously orig- crest, and the upper bony projections spinous processes of the inate and insert along the spine.

They lie on either side of the upper sur- lumbar vertebrae. Sides of all the lumbar and thoracic vertebrae, the upper powerful muscle group consists of four units: The iliocostalis, forms a very thick, columnar muscle mass in the lumbar longissimus, iliocostalis and spinalis comprise the erector spinae region. In the feline, the lumbar portion of the longissimus is not sacrospinalis.

The longissimus capitis to the head and longissimus covered by the iliocostalis, which begins from a more forward position.

They primarily extend the vertebral column. Inner surface of the wing of the pelvis and its crest, the sides will also fix the spine into a rigid column.

A muscle contracting on one of the lumbar vertebrae, and the upper ends of the ribs. Upper ends of the ribs, and the side of the last seventh ribs rearward, which assists in breathing.

Deep surface of the front of the pelvis from its inner to its outer not at the pelvis.

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Surface of the longissimus dorsi toward the rear of the rib cage of all the ribs except the first, and the sides and tops of the last four from the level of the seventh to the eleventh thoracic vertebrae. The longissimus is the longest and largest muscle in the body. The thick lumbar portion is called the "common mass.

Not directly seen on the medius muscle. This depression in the ox is smaller and doesn't advance surface, it adds a muscular fullness to the back before diving under the as far forward as in the horse. At the middle of the trunk, the longissimus shoulder blade. Various places on the sides of the vertebrae, from the third tho- inserts into their upper spines, and the lower portion, a continuation of racic vertebra to the first tail vertebra.

Spinous processes of the seventh neck vertebra to the sixth usually slighter in the ox, especially the cow, allowing the bony projec- lumbar vertebra. Fascia covering the longissimus, beginning deep at the level of the lumbar region, where it is thickest.

It is made up of numerous small the fourth lumbar vertebra, and the upper ends of the last fifteen ribs. Also from the crest of the pelvis and the sides of the lumbar vertebrae. Upper ends of all the ribs, and the side of the last seventh neck vertebra. This narrow, flattened, thin muscle lies on the surface of the upper portion of the rib cage.

Emerging from under the longissimus between the last rib and the pelvis, it passes forward along the outer edge of the longissimus. The multifidus, extending along the entire spine as a continuous series of small overlapping bundles, lies on the sides of the upwardly projecting spines of the vertebrae. It does not come to the surface as it is covered by the longissimus.

This muscle is irregular in shape rather than triangular. Inner surface of the cartilage of the last four or five ribs, and Muscle fibers descending downward and forward from the point of the by its wide tendon, into the midline on the bottom of the abdomen linea hip form a raised relief, called the "cord of the flank.

Compresses the abdomen and supports its contents; assists in lumbar spinal muscles border the top of the hollow, and the last rib bending the spine to one side. The internal abdominal oblique is a triangular, fan-shaped absent in the horse, but they can be quite prominent in the ox, with the muscle that develops a large, wide tendon. The muscular portion is cord separating into two or three separate forms radiating from the point located on the upper portion of the side of the abdomen.

The muscle of the hip. Muscle fibers of both the internal and external abdominal and tendon of both sides of the body form a continuous sling that pass- obliques are present in the hollow, filling the space between the rib cage es under the abdomen and passively supports the abdominal contents and the pelvis. This distance is greater in the ox than in the horse. Side of the spinal muscle in the lumbar region; lower end of the contributing to the linea alba.

The linea alba is a tendinous thickening crest of the ilium at the front of the pelvis. Lower end of the last rib and the midline of the abdomen via sternum to the front of the bottom of the pelvis pubic bone. It is the wide tendon. The internal abdominal oblique lies inconspicuously on the external abdominal oblique. Also from the surface of the lumbar spinal muscle longissimus.

Rear edge of the outer surface of the last fourteen ribs, the fas- abdominis muscle to reach the midline of the abdomen. The front por- cia between the ribs, and the side of the surface of the spinal muscles in tion of the muscular portion of the external abdominal oblique overlaps the lumbar region.

The position of the origin gets progressively lower on the flat belly of the rectus abdominis. Rear edge of the outer surface of the last eight ribs and the fas- the front end of the bottom of the pelvis pubic bone , and the outer cia between the ribs. Compresses the abdomen; flexes the trunk primarily at the below the level of the point of the hip, but its wide tendon reaches up to lumbar vertebrae ; one side only bends the trunk toward that side. Last nine or ten ribs, the fascia between the ribs, and the side extensive tendon.

It embraces part of the side of the rib cage and the of the surface of the spinal muscles in the lumbar region. The midline of the abdomen linea alba , from the sternum to toward the point of the hip.

The front of the muscular portion forms four the front end of the bottom of the pelvis pubic bone , and from a short units whose ends alternate interdigitate with the forms of the serratus ligament passing upward and forward from the pubic bone. There is no insertion into the upper front end of the pelvis. The remainder intersects with the forms of the ribs, In the dog, the tips of the originating fibers of the front portion of the where they meet at a wide angle.

The location of the insertion of the muscle on the side of the rib cage are covered by the latissimus dorsi muscular fibers into its wide tendon on the side of the abdomen may be muscle. In the feline, the entire origin from all the ribs is covered. Cartilage of the fourth to the ninth ribs and the adjacent area cartilage continuing rearward. Front end of the bottom of the pelvis pubic bone. From the author of the classic Human Anatomy for Artists comes this user-friendly Ebook.

This title is available as an ebook from RedShelf. File type: PDF. Animal anatomy for artists eliot goldfinger pdf - download torrents: Search torrent: animal anatomy for artists eliot goldfinger pdf MB goldfinger - Human. Editorial Reviews. From Booklist. Animal Anatomy for Artists has 92 ratings and 5 reviews.

First, you must understand that this book's goal is to pre Eliot Goldfinger. Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form. Atlas of anatomy Thieme Anatomy. An Atlas of Anatomy Basic to Radiology. Atlas of Vascular Anatomy. An Angiographic Approach.

[BEST SELLING] Animal Anatomy for Artists: The Elements of Form by Eliot Goldfinger

Grant's Atlas of Anatomy. Atlas of human anatomy. Grant's Atlas Of Anatomy. Atlas of Human Anatomy.

Atlas of Surgical Anatomy.Belly doesn't front of the shoulder joint, and then splits before inserting into the two twist or split before inserting. The teres major and strongly contracted while pulling the arm backward. Both sides together extend the head. In the dog distinctly separate, with their upper ends separated by a narrow interval. In the horse, the rear end of the nuchal ligament attaches to the Dogs may have a very rudimentary first metatarsal; occasionally, espe- tip of the spinous process of the fourth thoracic vertebra, and in the ox, cially in the larger breeds, a couple of attached small phalanges form a to the first thoracic vertebra.

Firstly, he explains the classification of animals and then lists the nonmedical terms for the names. The chest portion serratus ventralis thoracis, serratus magnus is a fan-shaped muscle connecting the upper end of the shoulder blade to the side of the rib cage. Rear edge of the outer surface of the last eight ribs and the fas- the front end of the bottom of the pelvis pubic bone , and the outer cia between the ribs.

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