THE DOUBLE HELIX WATSON PDF
Watson, with all its biological implications, has been one of the major scientific curiosity about how the double helix was found, and to them an incomplete. The most celebrated account of that story is The Double Helix, Watson's novelistic friends, and not just the DNA work, but Watson's research on bacterial ge-. The double helix: a personal account of the discovery of the structure of DNA by James D. Watson; 1 edition; First published in ; Subjects: Accessible book.
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(The Double Helix Revisited. -Francis Crick and James Watson talk to Paul Vaughan about their discovery of the molecular structure of DNA. "VAUGHAN: James. Read The Double Helix PDF - A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA by James D. Watson Ph.D. Touchstone | The classic. About Books [PDF] The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA by James D. Watson BEST BOOKS: The.
At that time he was thirty-five, yet almost totally unknown. Although some of his closest colleagues realized the value of his quick, penetrating mind and frequently sought his advice, he was often not appreciated, and most people thought he talked too much. Leading the unit to which Francis belonged was Max Perutz, an Austrian-born chemist who came to England in He had been collecting X-ray diffraction data from hemoglobin crystals for over ten years and was just beginning to get somewhere.
Helping him was Sir Lawrence Bragg, the director of the Cavendish. For almost forty years Bragg, a Nobel Prize winner and one of the founders of crystallography, had been watching X-ray diffraction methods solve structures of ever-increasing difficulty.
The double helix : a personal account of the discovery of the structure of DNA
The more complex the molecule, the happier Bragg became when a new method allowed its elucidation. Thus in the immediate postwar years he was especially keen about the possibility of solving the structures of proteins, the most complicated of all molecules. Often, when administrative duties permitted, he visited Perutz' office to discuss recently accumulated X-ray data. Then he would return home to see if he could interpret them. Somewhere between Bragg the theorist and Perutz the experimentalist was Francis, who occasionally did experiments but more often was immersed in the theories for solving protein structures.
Often he came up with something novel, would become enormously excited, and immediately tell it to anyone who would listen.
A day or so later he would often realize that his theory did not work and return to experiments, until boredom generated a new attack on theory. There was much drama connected with these ideas. They did a great deal to liven up the atmosphere of the lab, where experiments usually lasted several months to years. This came partly from the volume of Crick's voice: he talked louder and faster than anyone else and, when he laughed, his location within the Cavendish was obvious. Almost everyone enjoyed these manic moments, especially when we had the time to listen attentively and to tell him bluntly when we lost the train of his argument.
But there was one notable exception. Conversations with Crick frequently upset Sir Lawrence Bragg, and the sound of his voice was often sufficient to make Bragg move to a safer room.
Only infrequently would he come to tea in the Cavendish, since it meant enduring Crick's booming over the tea room. Even then Bragg was not completely safe. On two occasions the corridor outside his office was flooded with water pouring out of a laboratory in which Crick was working.
The X-ray diffraction images collected by Gosling and Franklin provided the best evidence for the helical nature of DNA. Watson and Crick had three sources for Franklin's unpublished data: Her seminar, attended by Watson,  Discussions with Wilkins,  who worked in the same laboratory with Franklin, A research progress report that was intended to promote coordination of Medical Research Council -supported laboratories.
According to one critic, Watson's portrayal of Franklin in The Double Helix was negative and gave the appearance that she was Wilkins' assistant and was unable to interpret her own DNA data. Franklin consulted with Watson on her tobacco mosaic virus RNA research. Franklin's letters begin on friendly terms with "Dear Jim", and conclude with equally benevolent and respectful sentiments such as "Best Wishes, Yours, Rosalind". Each of the scientists published their own unique contributions to the discovery of the structure of DNA in separate articles, and all of the contributors published their findings in the same volume of Nature.
These classic molecular biology papers are identified as: Watson J.
His work at Harvard focused on RNA and its role in the transfer of genetic information. Watson continued to be a member of the Harvard faculty until , even though he took over the directorship of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in His most notable achievements in his two decades at Harvard may be what he wrote about science, rather than anything he discovered during that time.
His third textbook was Recombinant DNA, which described the ways in which genetic engineering has brought much new information about how organisms function.
The textbooks are still in print. Watson's original title was to have been "Honest Jim", in that the book recounts the discovery of the double helix from Watson's point of view and included many of his private emotional impressions at the time.
Some controversy surrounded the publication of the book. Watson's book was originally to be published by the Harvard University Press , but Francis Crick and Maurice Wilkins objected, among others. Watson's home university dropped the project and the book was commercially published. Between and , the Watsons' two sons were born, and by , the young family made Cold Spring Harbor their permanent residence.
Watson served as the laboratory's director and president for about 35 years, and later he assumed the role of chancellor and then Chancellor Emeritus. In his roles as director, president, and chancellor, Watson led CSHL to articulate its present-day mission, "dedication to exploring molecular biology and genetics in order to advance the understanding and ability to diagnose and treat cancers, neurological diseases, and other causes of human suffering.
The discovery of the DNA double helix.
He is credited with "transforming a small facility into one of the world's great education and research institutions. Initiating a program to study the cause of human cancer, scientists under his direction have made major contributions to understanding the genetic basis of cancer.
They want all failure in life to be due to the evil system. Watson was opposed to Healy's attempts to acquire patents on gene sequences, and any ownership of the "laws of nature.
The Double Helix
He was quoted in The Sunday Telegraph in as stating: "If you could find the gene which determines sexuality and a woman decides she doesn't want a homosexual child, well, let her.
I think it would be great.But despite much effort on the part of his friends, who knew he was a delightful dinner companion, they were never able to hide the fact that a stray remark over sherry might bring Francis smack into your life.
Venter went on to found Celera genomics and continued his feud with Watson. And Why? Andre Lwoff Scientific American The history of a scientific endeavor, a true detective story that leaves the reader breathless from beginning to end. Submit Search.